The Diamond, the most valuable gemstone in the world of the jewelry, is also considered the magic stone due to its excellence.

bragalet-015110Diamond means etymologically invincible, unchanged. Proof of this is that it is considered the natural material with highest hardness so far. (within the Mohs hardness scale,  which is ranging from 1 to 10, the diamond has a hardness of 10). This material is a simple constitution, it is composed of pure crystallized carbon and is characterized by withstanding high temperatures and corrosive conditions.

Furthermore, it is an excellent thermal conductor, an excellent electrical insulator and is a gem with high elasticity, which is the reason, that in the event of an impact against a surface, it bounces. Specialists in the world of diamonds claim that if the stone has been cleaned perfectly it will not get wet with water, it will slide over its shape.

What shapes do diamonds have?

The diamonds crystallize in the cubic system. The most frequent forms in the market are the octahedron (8 triangular faces, 12 edges and 20 vertices), the dodecahedron (12 pentagonal faces, 30 edges and 20 vertices), and the cube (6 faces, 12 edges and 8 vertices) .

How do you know which diamond to pick?

Do you already know how to choose a diamond? Zapata Jewelers will demonstrate you the 4 criteria (finished size, weight, purity and color) to be taken into account to find the diamond that you want and that best suits your needs. The quality and the price of it depend directly on these 4 criteria. So … watch out!

1. The Finished size: A good size that will produce more glare and better reflects the light.

tallas diamantesThe size of a diamond is the form the gem takes on after being treated . There are several types: carvings of heart, pear, oval, and many more. The size usually does not influence the quality of the stone, but the  its look and appearance

The most common forms are the brilliant and princess-cut as they are those that emit more light and are the most used in the world of jewelry. They are followed by the emerald cut, rectangular shaped and with transparent appearance. We also have the oval carving, of elongated shape, pear carving, teardrop with less brightness, heart carving , very romantic and difficult way to make and the Marquise carving , pear-like shape but with both ends connected.

2. The Weight: The diamond is measured in carats.

The weight of a diamond is expressed in carats (1 carat equals 0.20 grams). Importantly, two diamonds of the same weight can have different sizes and prices. Keep in mind that the value per carat increases with the weight.

3. The Purity:

The less imperfections the purer the diamond The purity of a diamond is the characteristic that shows whether a jewel has imperfections or not, it may be fractures of the shape or traces of minerals. A diamond is considered pure from the time a specialized gemologist cannot find any defect with a 10x magnifier. To do this, in order to classify the diamond according to their level of purity, the following classification were introduced:

  • Flawless / Internally Flawless (Puro)
  • VVS1 o VVS2 (inclusions very, very small)
  • VS1 o VS2 (inclusions very, very small)
  • SI1 o SI2 o SI3 (small inclusions)
  • P1, P2 o P3 (Piqué)

Note that marks or imperfections in a diamond affect its value, but in many cases will not change its splendor and beauty.

4. The Color Diamonds: the more transparent, the more valuable.

The diamond is a stone that is characterized as shown in different colors (blue, green, pink, red, orange, etc..). Gemstone Specialists on the other hand claim , that pure diamonds are transparent and colorless. The more transparent it is better the quality. The color in the diamond  is due to the presence of impurities or defects. That’s why the color of a diamond is measured on a scale (GIA – Gemological Institute of America) going from the letter D (colorless) to Z (yellow or brown).

After pointing out to you the 4 criteria to consider to buy a diamond Zapata Jewelers want to remind you that it is very important
to always keep the quality certificate of this precious stone as it contains all the specified data. We could say it is the identification card of the diamond.

The diamond symbols different periods of history

Below we show some applications that have followed this gemstone. It has served as tool and talisman as a jewel.

- The earliest use of diamonds dates back 4,500 years ago when the Chinese used diamonds to polish their axes.

- For the Romans diamonds were symbols for talismans as they said they keep away the evil.

- In France, during the seventeenth century diamonds could only be used by the king as a symbol of wealth, power and exclusivity.


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